area metropolitana bologna

Bologna metro station's location and serving lines in Rome Metro system map. Bologna has a mid-latitude, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa). [71] The city hosts several minor railway stations (see List of railway stations in Bologna). Bologna is situated on the edge of the Po Plain at the foot of the Apennine Mountains, at the meeting of the Reno and Savena river valleys. In 1564, the Piazza del Nettuno and the Palazzo dei Banchi were built, along with the Archiginnasio, the main building of the university. The period of Papal rule saw also the construction of many churches and other religious establishments, and the restoration of older ones. 1 0. Traces of human habitation in the area of Bologna go back to the 3rd millennium BCE, with significant settlements from about the 9th century BCE (Villanova culture). The Italian Basketball League, which operates both Lega A and LegADue, has its headquarters in Bologna. The pope's efforts to stimulate the decaying textile industry had little success, while he was more successful in reforming the tax system, liberalising trade[33] and relaxing the oppressive system of censorship. Austrian help against the rebels. Visit eXtraBo, the information office dedicated to the nature in Bologna and its surroundings. In addition to the natives of the city listed above, the following have made Bologna their home: L'Aquila, AbruzzoAosta, Aosta ValleyBari, ApuliaPotenza, Basilicata, Catanzaro, CalabriaNaples, CampaniaBologna, Emilia-RomagnaTrieste, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Rome, LazioGenoa, LiguriaMilan, LombardyAncona, Marche, Campobasso, MoliseTurin, PiedmontCagliari, SardiniaPalermo, Sicily, Trento, Trentino-Alto Adige/SüdtirolFlorence, TuscanyPerugia, UmbriaVenice, Veneto, This article is about the city in Italy. Card. During the interwar years, Bologna developed into an important manufacturing centre for food processing, agricultural machinery and metalworking. In 1977, Bologna was the scene of rioting linked to the Movement of 1977, a spontaneous political movement of the time. [16] 1 464 tu boli. In more recent history, Luigi Galvani, the discoverer of bioelectromagnetics, and Guglielmo Marconi, the pioneer of radio technology, also worked at the University. Bologna metropolitan area (Italian: Area metropolitana di Bologna) is a term for the urbanized area around the city of Bologna, Italy. 1909, have won seven Italian league championships (the latest in 1963–64), which make them the sixth most successful team in the history of the league; in their heyday in the 1930s Bologna FC were called "Lo squadrone che tremare il mondo fa" (Italian for "The Team that Shakes the World"). Pope Gregory XVI asked for Since 21 June 2016 Virginio Merola, as mayor of the capital city, has been the mayor of the Metropolitan City. Fostering a wide range of genres from classical to electronic, jazz, folk and opera, Bologna offers its citizens a musical vitality that deeply infiltrates the city's professional, academic, social and cultural facets."[85]. [78] The Studium, as it was originally known, began as a loosely organized teaching system with each master collecting fees from students on an individual basis. It is the seventh most populous city in Italy with about 390,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities. The main railway station and adjoining areas were severely hit, and 44% of the buildings in the centre were listed as having been destroyed or severely damaged. [38] Bolognese moderate agrarian elites, that supported liberal insurgencies against the papacy and were admirers of the British political system and of free trade, envisioned a unified national state that would open a bigger market for the massive agricultural production of the Emilian plains. [57] On 19 June 2016 Merola was re-elected in a second-round ballot with 54.64% of votes.[58]. It numbered Dante, Boccaccio and Petrarch among its students. Papal rule was contested in the uprisings of 1831. According to the last governmental dispositions concerning administrative reorganisation, the urban area of Bologna is one of the 15 Metropolitan municipalities (città metropolitane), new administrative bodies fully operative since 1 January 2015. Discovering all this is an experience that you won’t easily forget. According to the QS University Rankings, Bologna university is the 4th Italian university and the 180th in the world. These Germanic conquerors built an important new quarter, called "addizione longobarda" (Italian meaning "Longobard addition") near the complex of St. [6] Home to the oldest university in the world,[7][8][9][10][11] the University of Bologna, established in AD 1088, the city has a large student population that gives it a cosmopolitan character. This community includes a great number of Erasmus, Socrates, and overseas students. It covers 579 km² (202 sq. 258 likes. The economy of Bologna is characterized by a flourishing industrial sector, traditionally centered on the transformation of agricultural and zootechnical products (Eridania, Granarolo, Segafredo Zanetti, Conserve Italia), machinery (Coesia, IMA, Sacmi), construction equipment (Maccaferri); energy (Hera Group), automotive (Ducati, Lamborghini), footwear, textile, engineering, chemical, printing and publishing (il Mulino, Monrif Group, Zanichelli). Johns Hopkins University maintains its Bologna Center in the city, which hosts one of the overseas campuses of the School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). [100] Well-regarded nearby vineyards include Pignoletto dei Colli Bolognesi, Lambrusco di Modena and Sangiovese di Romagna. In 1350, Bologna was conquered by Archbishop Giovanni Visconti, the new lord of Milan. 2 Answers. [99] Situated in the fertile Po River Valley, the rich local cuisine depends heavily on meats and cheeses. After doing you selection, copy and paste the code above on your site. Azienda USL di Bologna Azienda USL di Imola Centrale Operativa 118 Emilia Est Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli Istituto delle Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna Laboratorio Unico Metropolitano (LUM) Servizio Trasfusionale Unico Metropolitano (TUM) Area Vasta Emilia Centrale [26] In 1376, Bologna again revolted against Papal rule and joined Florence in the unsuccessful War of the Eight Saints. [49] In 1985 the headquarters of the regional government of Emilia-Romagna moved in the new district.[50]. Unimpresa Bologna 14 hours ago ROMA (ITALPRESS) - Sono 10.407 i nuovi casi di Coronavirus in Italia, secondo i dati del Ministero della Salute - Istituto Superiore di Sanità, a fronte 81.285 tamponi effettuati, su un totale di 25.631.899 da inizio emergenza. [23] By 1200, Bologna was a thriving commercial and artisanal centre of about 10,000 people.[24]. The original Roman ramparts were supplanted by a high medieval system of fortifications, remains of which are still visible, and finally by a third and final set of ramparts built in the 13th century, of which numerous sections survive. Felsa CISL Area Metropolitana Bolognese, Bologna. However, Bologna reverted to form in 2004 when Sergio Cofferati, a former trade union leader, unseated Guazzaloca. To this day, Bologna is still very much a university town, with over 80,000 enrolled students in 2015. In 1401, Giovanni I Bentivoglio took power in a coup with the support of Milan, but the Milanese, having turned his back on them and allied with Florence, marched on Bologna and had Giovanni killed the following year. [101] Tagliatelle with ragù, lasagne, tortellini served in broth, and mortadella, the original Bologna sausage, are among the local specialties. [60] The new Metro municipalities, giving large urban areas the administrative powers of a province, are conceived for improving the performance of local administrations and to slash local spending by better co-ordinating the municipalities in providing basic services (including transport, school and social programs) and environment protection. During the Italian Plague of 1629–31 alone Bologna lost up to a third of its population. At the end of 2016, the city proper had a population of 388,254 (while 1 million live in the greater Bologna area), located in the province of Bologna, Emilia Romagna, of whom 46.7% were male and 53.3% were female. A Bologna non c'è la metropolitana. [73], The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Bologna, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 53 min. Ingressi gratuiti o ridotti a musei, mostre, teatri e cinema. Bologna la migliore nell'anno del virus | Il Sole 24 ORE", "Bombardamenti aerei subiti da Bologna – Storia e Memoria di Bologna", "7 novembre 1944 – Battaglia di Porta Lame", Virginio Merola. Secondo il rapporto CENSIS del 2015, Bologna fa parte di una conurbazione denominata "Area emiliana" che include 36 comuni delle zone urbane di Bologna, Modena, Reggio Emilia e Parma, con una popolazione di 1 520 380[2]. San Petronio Basilica, built between 1388 and 1479 (but still unfinished), is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, 132 metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade. 114). Painters working in Bologna during this period established the Bolognese School which includes Annibale Carracci, Domenichino, Guercino and others of European fame. Bologna's opera house is the Teatro Comunale di Bologna. A cura della redazione di “Bologna Metropolitana” direttore responsabile Davide Bergamini Tel. The urban organization is governed by the Italian Constitution (art. Pagina ufficiale della Città metropolitana di Bologna. The raids, which this time were not confined to the city centre, left 2,481 people dead and 2,000 injured. The rivalry is temporarily dormant since Fortitudo left the country's professional ranks when, following the 2008–09 season, the club was relegated from the top-level Lega A to LegADue, before being relegated further to the nominally amateur Serie A Dilettanti for financial reasons; in the 2012–13 season, Fortitudo will play in the LegADue. In 2019, an article in la Repubblica also named Bologna the most vegan-friendly city in Italy, noting that the city had 19 vegan and vegetarian restaurants It was also a venue at the 1990 FIFA World Cup. In particular, Bologna is considered the centre of the so-called "packaging valley", an area well known for its high concentration of firms specialised in the manufacturing of automatic packaging machines (COESIA, IMA). 126 likes. After the death of Matilda of Tuscany in 1115, Bologna obtained substantial concessions from Emperor Henry V. However, when Frederick Barbarossa subsequently attempted to strike down the deal, Bologna joined the Lombard League, which then defeated the imperial armies at the Battle of Legnano and established an effective autonomy at the Peace of Constance in 1183. The most famous of the towers of Bologna are the central "Due Torri" (Asinelli and Garisenda), whose iconic leaning forms provide a popular symbol of the town.[63]. eXtraBo. The economy was stagnant because of Papal policies that distorted trade with heavy custom duties and sold concessions of monopolies to single manufacturers thus lowering competition, depressing productivity and incentivising corruption. With its volume of 258,000 m3, it is the largest (Gothic or otherwise) church built of bricks of the world. A sporting nickname for Bologna is Basket City in reference to the successes of the town's two rival historic basketball clubs, Virtus and Fortitudo, though the clubs are now often referred to by the names of their current sponsors. SAIS Bologna was founded in 1955 as the first campus of a US post-graduate school to open in Europe. The club took part to the top tier of the Italian championship for the first 25 years of their history never winning the title but getting to the runner-up place several times; they returned in top division (Serie A1 then Super 10), in the late 1990s and faced serious financial problems which led them to the relegation and almost to disappearance. Answer Save. The centre of the town is 54 metres (177 ft) above sea level (while elevation within the municipality ranges from 29 metres (95 ft) in the suburb of Corticella to 300 metres (980 ft) in Sabbiuno and the Colle della Guardia). Over the centuries, Bologna has acquired many nicknames: "the fat" (la grassa) refers to its cuisine, in which the most famous specialities are prepared using rich meats (especially pork), egg pasta and dairy products, such as butter and Parmesan. As Bologna's two main watercourses flow directly to the sea, the town lies outside of the drainage basin of the River Po. In 1442, Hannibal I Bentivoglio, Giovanni's nephew, recovered Bologna from the Milanese, only to be assassinated in a conspiracy plotted by Pope Eugene IV three years later. Title:cisl area metropolitana bologna. L'area metropolitana di Bologna insiste sul territorio della ex provincia di Bologna, nella regione Emilia-Romagna, ente in seguito trasformato nella città metropolitana per LR 12/04/1995 nº 33 e LR 24/03/2000 nº 20. C@NN@L@ 7 years ago. Find out more. [68] Furthermore, Bologna is well known for its dense network of cooperatives, a feature that dates back to the social struggles of farmers and workers in the 1800s and that today produces up to a third of its GDP[69] and occupies 265 thousand people in the Emilia-Romagna region.[70]. The windy 666 vault arcades, almost four kilometres (3,796 m or 12,454 ft) long, effectively links San Luca, as the church is commonly called, to the city centre. [80] It was inspired by Marshall Plan efforts to build a cultural bridge between America and Europe. First to arrive in the centre was the 87th Infantry Regiment of the Friuli Combat Group under general Arturo Scattini, who entered the centre from Porta Maggiore to the south. In 1863 Naples was linked to Rome by railway, and the following year Bologna to Florence. It was one of the first European cities to experiment with the concept of free public transport. "Benvenuti a Bologna – Welcome to Bologna" Oct 18, 2016, "Dati statistici temperature e precipitazioni dal 1991 al 2009", "Febbraio 2012, ma quanta neve è caduta? The University of Bologna, conventionally said to have been founded in 1088 by glossators Irnerius and Pepo,[77] is the oldest university in Europe. [citation needed], In the post-war years, Bologna became a thriving industrial centre as well as a political stronghold of the Italian Communist Party. Bologna. The cityscape is further enriched by its elegant and extensive porticoes, for which the city is famous. [37] Adiconsum Area Metropolitana Bolognese. This compares with the Italian average of 18.06 percent (minors) and 19.94 percent (pensioners). Metternich warned French king Louis Philippe I against intervention in Italian affairs, and in the spring of 1831, Austrian forces marched across the Italian peninsula, defeating the rebellion by 26 April.[36]. The current mayor of Bologna is Virginio Merola (PD), elected on 16 May 2011 with the 50.5% of the votes. Finally, the Church of San Michele in Bosco is a 15th-century religious complex located on a hill not far from the city's historical cente. [30] The university was losing students, who once came from all over Europe, because of the illiberal attitudes of the Church towards culture (especially after the trial of Galileo). Bologna has also two other nicknames: the first one, "the towered" (la turrita) refers to the high number of medieval towers that can be found in the city, even if today only 24 towers are still standing. PDF | Rapporto sulle dipendenze nell'area metropolitana di Bologna. [65] It connects Porta Saragozza (one of the twelve gates of the ancient walls built in the Middle Ages, which circled a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) part of the city) with the Sanctuary of the Madonna di San Luca, a church begun in 1723 on the site of an 11th-century edifice which had already been enlarged in the 14th century, prominently located on a hill (289 metres (948 feet)) overlooking the town, which is one of Bologna's main landmarks. L'area metropolitana nasce da un'adesione volontaria di 50 comuni della Provincia di Bologna, ad eccezione di quelli del comprensorio di Imola, che sottoscrivono l'accordo per la Città Metropolitana di Bologna promosso dal comune e dalla provincia di Bologna. Hunt Janin: "The university in medieval life, 1179–1499", McFarland, 2008. In 1998, the City of Bologna initiated the project "Bologna dei Teatri" (Bologna of the Theatres), an association of the major theatrical facilities in the city. Il mio cervellino si chiede se esiste. Dati relativi al 2014 ed anni precedenti | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate In the last decades of the 19th century, Bologna once again thrived economically and socially. Napoleon briefly reinstated the ancient mode of government, giving power to the Senate, which however had to swear fealty to the short lived Cispadane Republic, created as a client state of the French Empire at the congress of Reggio (27 December 1796 – 9 January 1797) but succeeded by the Cisalpine Republic on 9 July 1797, later by the Italian Republic and finally the Kingdom of Italy. A series of plagues in the late 16th to early 17th century reduced the population of the city from some 72,000 in the mid-16th century to about 47,000 by 1630. By this time, the Germans had already largely left the city in the face of the Allied advance, spearheaded by Polish forces advancing from the east during the Battle of Bologna which had been fought since 9 April. The largest immigrant group came from other European countries (mostly Romanians and Albanians): 2.82%, East Asia (mostly Filipino): 1.50%, and South Asia (mostly from Bangladesh): 1.39%.[76]. [26] By the arrival of the Black Death in 1348, Bologna had 40,000 to 50,000 inhabitants, reduced to just 20,000 to 25,000 after the plague.[27]. [18] In the last quarter of the 8th century, Charlemagne, at the request of Pope Adrian I, invaded the Lombard Kingdom, causing its eventual demise. La Città metropolitana di Bologna è un ente territoriale di area vasta il cui territorio coincide con quello della preesistente provincia. While the Province of Bologna has a population of 1,007,644,[59] making it the twelfth most populated province of Italy, Emilia-Romagna ranks as the sixth most populated region of Italy, with about 4.5 million inhabitants, more than 7% of the national total. Bologna is home to the Guglielmo Marconi International Airport, the seventh busiest Italian airport for passenger traffic (8 million passengers handled in 2017). Greater Bologna offers varied and changing panoramas, hidden gems to explore on the outskirts. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 12 min, while 16% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Fnp Cisl Area Metropolitana Bologna, Bologna (Bologna, Italy). used as a reference to the colour of the buildings in the city centre, has later become connected with the communist ideology supported by the majority of the population, in particular after World War II: until the election of a centre-right mayor in 1999, the city was renowned as a bastion of the Italian Communist Party. [107][108][109] It is home to the home games of Fortitudo Baseball Bologna, in the Italian Baseball League.[107][110]. For the food, see, "Bologne" and "Bolognese" redirect here. The Papal census of 1841 reported 10,000 permanent beggars and another 30,000 (out of a total population of 70,000) who lived in poverty. On 2 August 1980, at the height of the "years of lead", a terrorist bomb was set off in the central railway station of Bologna killing 85 people and wounding 200, an event which is known in Italy as the Bologna massacre. After World War I, Bologna was heavily involved in the Biennio Rosso socialist uprisings. [102] Traditional Bolognese desserts are often linked to holidays, such as fave dei morti ("cookies of the dead"), multi-coloured almond paste cookies made for All Saints' Day, jam-filled raviole cookies that are served on Saint Joseph's Day, and carnival sweets known as sfrappole, a light and delicate fried pastry topped with powder sugar, certosino or panspeziale ("carthusian" o "apothecary-cake"), a spicy cake served on Christmas. [40] Dino Grandi, a high-ranking Fascist party official and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, remembered for being an Anglophile, was from Bologna. Accesso documentale; Accesso civico; Accesso civico generalizzato; Patto per Bologna metropolitana; Collaborazioni con altri territori [10][11] The university originated as a centre for the study of medieval Roman law under major glossators, including Irnerius. Bologna (/bəˈloʊnjə/, UK also /bəˈlɒnjə/, Italian: [boˈloɲɲa] (listen); Emilian (Bolognese dialect): Bulåggna [buˈlʌɲːa]; Latin: Bonōnia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna region in Northern Italy. Knowing the height of the central nave and the width of the building, the measures of the sections can be calculated by measuring an orthograde photo of the facade. Bologna (/ b ə ˈ l oʊ n j ə /, UK also / b ə ˈ l ɒ n j ə /, Italian: [boˈloɲɲa] (); Emilian (Bolognese dialect): Bulåggna [buˈlʌɲːa]; Latin: Bonōnia) is the capital and largest city of the Emilia-Romagna region in Northern Italy.It is the seventh most populous city in Italy with about 390,000 inhabitants and 150 different nationalities. L. Lv 7. Bologna hosts a number of international music, art, dance and film festivals, including Angelica[86] Bologna and Contemporanea (festivals on contemporary music),[87] Bolognafestival (international classical music festival),[88] Place in Provincia di Bologna, Emilia-Romagna (Italy). Football also has a strong tradition in Bologna. As of 2009[update], 89.47% of the population was Italian. L'area metropolitana di Bologna insiste sul territorio della ex provincia di Bologna, nella regione Emilia-Romagna, ente in seguito trasformato nella città metropolitana per LR 12/04/1995 nº 33 e LR 24/03/2000 nº 20. How it works; Rates; Where to buy; Buy online; Faq – Frequently Asked Questions Mancini, Giorgia, and Nicholas Penny, eds. [81] Today, the Bologna Center also hosts the Associazione italo-americana "Luciano Finelli", which supports cross-cultural awareness and exchange between Italy and the United States.[82]. Cisl Area Metropolitana Bolognese - Via Milazzo,16, 40121 Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy - Rated 4.5 based on 13 Reviews "Eccellente, informazioni e... Jump to Sections of this page The second one, "the learned" (la dotta) is a reference to its university. L'area metropolitana attualmente ha valore esclusivamente statistico. Rating. The sum each of the pairs can be calculated as one cuboid of double width. By the 4th century BCE, the site was occupied by the Gaulish Boii, and it became a Roman colony and municipium with the name of Bonōnia in 196 BCE. Since the soldiers were dressed in British outfits, they were initially thought to be part of the allied forces; when the local inhabitants heard the soldiers were speaking Italian, they poured out onto the streets to celebrate. The Fascist regime poured in massive investments, for example with the setting up of a giant tobacco manufacturing plant in 1937. For other uses, see. Until the late 19th century, when a large-scale urban renewal project was undertaken, Bologna was one of the few remaining large walled cities in Europe; to this day and despite having suffered considerable bombing damage in 1944, Bologna's 142 hectares (350 acres) historic centre is Europe's second largest,[62] containing an immense wealth of important medieval, renaissance, and baroque artistic monuments. The Metropolitan City of Bologna is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor (Sindaco metropolitano) and by the Metropolitan Council (Consiglio metropolitano). An institution of federalism", "The Two Towers: Garisenda e degli Asinelli", "Dossier on the Metropolitan City of Bologna", "The Italian Region Where Co-ops Produce a Third of Its GDP", "Osservatorio della cooperazione in Emilia-Romagna", "Bologna Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "THE UNIVERSITY TODAY: NUMBERS AND INNOVATION", "American Centres – University of Bologna", "Remarks at the 50th Anniversary of SAIS in Bologna", "The red, the fat, and the learned: The story behind Bologna's curious nicknamess", "Repertoires of Democracy: The Case for Public Transport", "The Creative Cities Network: UNESCO Culture Sector", "Eventi Arte Contemporanea | Bologna contemporanea", "Why you won't find spaghetti bolognese in Italy", "World Vegan Day, ecco le dieci città più vegan-friendly d'Italia", "Fortitudo Baseball Bologna – Stadio Gianni Falchi", "Baseball Qualifier Europe/Africa dal 18 al 22 Settembre a Bologna e Parma #RoadToTokyo", Collection of Musical Instruments in Bologna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bologna&oldid=995485138, Communes of the Metropolitan City of Bologna, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with unknown parameters, Articles containing Emilian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source: Servizio Meteorologico (sun and humidity 1961–1990), San Petronio de Bologna: The footplan of the building is a simple rectangle, Area = length of the building x width of the building = 132 m x 60 m. The volume, without the roofs, can be calculated as a sum of five cuboids, one single (the central nave) and two pairs (the aisles and the files of chapels).

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